1. Barakh Nuclear Plant
The UAE's first nuclear-power plant is scheduled to open in Barakah, in the western region of Abu Dhabi, in 2017. In 2009, the UAE accepted a USD 20bn bid from South Korea's KEPCO-led consortium to build four commercial nuclear power reactors, total 5.6GW. Construction of the first unit started in July 2012, and the second in May 2013. The plants will largely be financed by the state, without the need for loans, but with some Korean equity partners. By 2020, the UAE hopes to have four of the 1.4GW nuclear plants running and producing electricity at a quarter the cost of that from gas. It plans to export electricity to Gulf neighbors via the regional power grid. Nuclear energy will save the UAE up to 12mn tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions each year. Companies in the UAE have secured more than USD 1bn in contracts for products and services to support the construction at Barakah.
2. Al Zour North IWPP
Kuwait's Al Zour project covers four power and water desalination plants and is scheduled to be ready in 2015. The first two plants will have a production capacity of 1.5GW of power and 102MIGD of desalinated water. The third will produce up to 800MW of power and 51MIGD of water, while a fourth plant will produce 1GW of power and 25MIGD of desalinated water. The first plant will be an independent water and power project, while the second will be an engineering, procurement and construction project. A group led by Paris-based GDF Suez won the work in 2012 for phase one of the Al Zour North plants, which will cost as much as USD 3bn. The project is part of the country's USD 111bn development plan to modernize and restructure Kuwait's oil-based economy.
3. Ras Laffan C
Ras Laffan C is an independently owned power and water plant with a combined cycle capacity of 2,730 MW of electricity and 63 MIGD of desalinated water. The project can supply approximately 30 percent of Qatar's electricity and 20 percent of its potable water demands per day. The first power milestone of 1,833 MW was reached in July 2010, just over two years from the start of construction, and the commissioning of the 63 MIGD water plant took place within two months from first steam admission.
4. Jeddah South Power Plant
Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) is building this 2,650MW power plant, while Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) will supply equipment for the oil-fired plant. A scheduled five-phase expansion of the plant will add 4.4 GW of power generating capacity. The first three phases involve the installation of 630 MW each, at a cost of USD 650 million a time. The construction of the plant means Saudi Arabia, the world's largest crude exporter, will continue to burn millions of barrels a week of oil for power generation for years to come.
5. Riyadh PP10
This 2,000MW power plant, located 100km southeast of Riyadh, consists of 30 gas turbine generating units. The PP10 project has increased the power capacity in Saudi Electricity Company's (SEC) Central Operating Area by 20 per cent, helping to improve the reliability and delivery of power to SEC's customers. In 2012, GE received a contract for nearly USD 200 million to supply steam turbine technology, power generation services and distributed control systems for the conversion of SEC's PP10 power plant from simple to combined-cycle operation. The project will add 1,300 MW to the plant's capacity to support the growing power requirements of Saudi Arabia's central region and help the Kingdom meet summer peak demands.