The global geographic information system (GIS) market is driven by increasing demand for geographically correlated information, globally.
In the developed countries of North America and Western Europe, the GIS market has witnessed significant growth post economic slowdown, according to a report by P&S Market Research. In developing countries, the increasing penetration of consumer navigation system, owing to the growth of connected mobile devices is driving the demand of GIS market.
Over the past few years, the geographic information system market has witnessed high growth in the water sector. Geographic Information Systems are an essential tool in water resources management. They are effective in storing, managing, and displaying spatial data. The application of GIS in water resources is constantly on the rise, according to a research by the European Water Resources Association (EWRA).
Current GIS applications are presented including surface hydrologic and groundwater modeling, water supply and sewer system modeling, stormwater and nonpoint source pollution modeling for urban and agricultural areas, and other related applications. Prof. John N. Hatzopoulos, director of RSLUA stresses on the importance of having a good understanding of the geographical space such as water sources, terrain surface, watershed, land cover, land use, rainfall, temperature, humidity, soil condition and composition, geology, conditions on the atmosphere, human activities, environmental data, etc. in order to have an effective management of water.
Although, the growth of the global GIS market is driven by various growth drivers, but it is hindered by numerous restrains, which includes growing demand of open-source GIS software, along with high cost of GIS software. The developing countries including China and India have large number of medium and small scale industries, according to P&S Market Research.
However, the companies are less reluctant while investing in expensive GIS software. Moreover, the lack of skilled workforce and inadequate planning for GIS implementation in developing countries is also hindering the full flooded penetration of the global GIS market. The size of a geographic information system often varies on case-to-case basis.
The level of data integration depends largely on requirement. Geographic information system software encodes three distinct types of data that includes vector data, raster, and spatial data. Moreover, the report explains that the geographic information system is available in different format over the network, which includes mobile GIS, Web GIS and virtual globes. The data base management system (DBMS) acts as heart of the geographic information system. DBMS stores and manages both aspatial and spatial data used in the geographic information system.
It facilitates searches, mathematical operation and grouping and un-grouping of location based data. Over the past few years, the GIS technology has witnessed significant growth in disaster management, including flood management, forest fire management, carbon management and climate change. The government in developed country of North America and Europe are profoundly reliant on GIS for disaster management. Moreover, the GIS technology for disaster management is also witnessing increasing penetration in developing countries including China, Brazil, and India. The modern geographic information system provides real time information on geography, and any changes in the information lead to assessment by experts.